A full body of oral law covers many aspects of behavior. The Maasai society is comprised of sixteen sections known in Maasai as Iloshon: DNA analyses have shown that they are a combination of Zebu Bos indicus and Bos taurusthe European and some other breeds of local cattle bred from Zebu.
When late in the nineteenth century, great quantities of brightly colored European glass beads arrived in Southeast Africa, beadworkers replaced the older beads with the new materials and began to use more elaborate color schemes. In Burundi the men favor white clothes.
All different combinations were catalogued in the beginning of the century by a South African herdmaster. Lyrics follow a typical theme and are often repeated verbatim over time. The Maasai people reside in both Kenya and Tanzania, living along the border of the two countries.
This belief and practice is not unique to the Maasai. It was not until the early s with the Group Ranch project that we became much more entrenched in a market economy and, hence, more impoverished generally speaking.
However, in the s and s, a program of commercializing livestock and land was forced on us initially by the British and later by the government of Kenya.
The median age hovers around 18 years of age. The Maa word for circumcision is emorata. Acacia nilotica is the most frequently used soup plant. Livestock are traded for other livestock, cash or livestock products such as milk and siege. Since then, these animals have played an important social and economic role in the development of these societies and are used as a bride's dowry.
Central to farming systems used by the poor households, providing draught power and manure—often when the purchase of substitutes is impossible. It is now common to see young Maasai men and women in major towns and cities of Kenya selling, not just goats and cows, but also beads, cell phones, chacoal, grain among other items.
They are a principal form of Sanga cattlewhich originated as hybrids of Zebu and humpless cattle in East Africa. Young men will form a line and chant rhythmically, "Oooooh-yah", with a growl and staccato cough along with the thrust and withdrawal of their lower bodies. Despite education, civilization and western cultural influences, the Maasai people have clung to their traditional way of life, making them a symbol of Kenyan culture.
Cows and goats are also sold for uniform and school fees for children. Soon after, more than two thirds of the Maasai's land in Kenya was taken away by the British and the Kenyan government to create both ranches for settlers and Kenya and Tanzania's wildlife reserves and national parks.
Food and Clothing Ugali, or beef stew, is a staple in Kenya, as are corn-based products and porridge, including banana porridge. However, today this practice is usually abandoned. Pink, even with flowersis not shunned by warriors. Economy The main source of income is agriculture for the region. In other parts of Maasailand people subdivided their individual ranches into small plots, which are sold to private developers.
Further rites of passage are required before achieving the status of senior warrior, culminating in the eunoto ceremony, the "coming of age".
The plan for the NCA was to put Maasai interests above all else, but this promise was never met. Dominant element in the cultures of the people of east Africa. Cattle as wealth, cattle as the only acceptable dowry, cattle as proper animals to be used in ceremonies or at special feasts, cattle associated distinct occupational roles and consumption taboo All elements / traits vary in distribution, prominence, importance.
Although the appearance of people usually marks the decline of the game, it is precisely the presence of the Masai that has guaranteed the existence of these vast herds.
Elsewhere in Kenya and Tanzania, and certainly throughout the rest of Africa, the herds that once roamed the lands have been decimated.
The Maasai people of East Africa live in southern Kenya and northern Tanzania along the Great Rift Valley on semi-arid and arid lands.
The Maasai occupy a total land area ofsquare kilometers with a population of approximately one half million people.
Cattle thieves have killed 23 people in northern Nigeria’s Zamfara state, which has been battling cattle rustling and kidnapping in recent months, an official has said. Heavy rains and severe flash floods have left more than people dead and displaced thousands of others across parts of east Africa, with Kenya and Rwanda being the worst hit.
University of Missouri-Columbia.
"Ancient African cattle first domesticated in Middle East, study reveals." ScienceDaily.Cattle people in east africa